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How to identify common mineral deficiencies in dogs

How much do you know about mineral deficiencies in dogs?

Minerals are natural substances that are essential for your dog’s system function properly.

Your dog’s body does not make minerals on its own. You should know how to identify common mineral deficiencies in dogs – so you know what to look out for.

Calcium and Phosphorus

Your dog needs a proper amount and balance of calcium and phosphorous in his body. Calcium and phosphorous are necessary for sound bones and teeth. Calcium deficiencies can be brought about by high-meat diets because meats contain an unbalanced amount of phosphorous.

Calcium deficiencies can cause:

  • Anxietycan-dogs-drink-milk_burned
  • skin conditions like eczema,
  • arthritis
  • respiratory problems

Rich sources of calcium are salmon, sardines & alfalfa. Eggs are high in phosphorous. 


Zinc plays a major role in skin, hair, brain function, learning, as well as maintaining good eyesight in dogs.  It is also vital to normal skeletal development and collagen synthesis. Zinc is also one of the more powerful anti-oxidants in the body.

Zinc deficiency can cause:

  • Dry, flaky, sometimes scaly looking skin.
  • Slowed hair growth & eventual hair loss.
  • Depressed immune system.
  • Thickened, crusty paw pads.
  • Hearing loss.

Rich sources of zinc include lamb, beef & milk thistle. 


Iron plays an essential role in helping your dog’s system function properly. Iron is necessary for red blood creation, enzyme functioning and energy and immune system functioning.

Iron deficiency symptoms include:

  • lack of energy,
  • diarrhea,
  • pale gumssteak
  • hair loss

Rich sources of iron include lamb, beef & goat. 


Magnesium is an essential component used for proper enzyme function and heart rate and healthy bones, muscles and nervous system.

Magnesium deficiency symptoms:

  • nervousness,
  • irritability,
  • depression
  • muscle soreness.

Magnesium rich foods include fish, egg yolks, avocados and leafy greens. 


Manganese is necessary for bone growth, blood sugar regulation, healthy nerves and immune systems, and normal functioning of the pituitary gland.

Manganese deficiency can cause:

  • retarded growth and
  • development problems
  • fat metabolism issues

Manganese rich foods include mussels, pumpkin & saffron. 

Potassium and Sodium 

Potassium and sodium must be kept in balance for your dog to function properly. Potassium is needed for regulating body fluid and for metabolic, muscle and nerve functions. Sodium is important for regulating body fluids.

Symptoms of potassium deficiency include:

  • muscle weakness,
  • paralysis,
  • retarded growth
  • dehydration.

Symptoms of sodium deficiency include:Salmon

  • fatigue,
  • dry skin,
  • hair loss
  • slowed growth.

Foods rich in potassium include yoghurt, salmon & potatoes. 


Small amounts of selenium are considered an antioxidant for dogs that helps slow ageing and regulates your dog’s blood sugar.

Selenium deficiency appears linked to:

  • Skin problems,
  • tumors,
  • immune deficiencies,
  • reduced fertility.

Selenium rich foods include tuna, pork & sunflower oil. 




So what’s the easiest way to maintain optimum mineral levels in

medium deer antlers for dogs.
Medium deer antlers for dogs 15cm +

your dog?

One of the easiest ways to supplement your dog’s diet  is with a deer antler.

Antlers are high in zinc, phosphorous, iron, calcium, magnesium and potassium – and are LOVED by dogs.

Further to that, antler are cruelty free (as they are naturally shed by deer) and they last a really long time – with many dogs getting weeks, if not months enjoyment from them.

Never heard of antlers as a chew toy? Read more here about why antlers are a great solution for your dog.






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